The Duihua Foundation reports that 1,060 individuals were indicted for “endangering state security” in 2012. This is up 9% from the previous year. It should be noted, however, that as the Chinese government does not always report arrests and indictments, the actual number is likely higher.
The crime of “endangering state security” encompasses a number of offenses, including subversion, splittism, incitement of subversion, and incitement of splittism. The Chinese government has used this charge to incarcerate outspoken critics of the regime, including Nobel Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo.